Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. It is a unitary state. Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.
Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia from the 11th century; the oldest known mention of their presence in the region by the exonym Siamese dates to the 12th century. Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon kingdoms, Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as the Kingdoms of Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya, which rivaled each other. Documented European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, now one of the great powers in the region. Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign (1656–1688), gradually declining thereafter until being ultimately destroyed in the 1767 Burmese–Siamese War. Taksin (r. 1767–1782) quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom. He was succeeded in 1782 by Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (r. 1782–1809), the first monarch of the Chakri dynasty and founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom, which lasted into the early 20th century.
Through the 18th and 19th centuries, Siam faced pressure from France and the United Kingdom, including forced concessions of territory; nevertheless, it remained the only Southeast Asian country to avoid direct Western rule. Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to "Thailand". While it joined the Allies in World War I, Thailand was an Axis satellite in World War II. In the late 1950s, a military coup under Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics. Thailand became a major ally of the United States, and played a key anti-communist role in the region as a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule. In 2013, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by a military junta.
Thailand is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and remains a major ally of the US. Despite its comparatively sporadic changes in leadership, it is considered a regional power in Southeast Asia and a middle power in global affairs. With a high level of human development, the second-largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th-largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.

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  1. murphyscreek

    Recipe & Video Thai Chicken Cakes

    Thai Chicken Cakes (Patties) Recipe Ingredients 500gms chicken breast fillets cut to chunks 1 1/2 tbsp red curry paste 1/3 tbsp fish sauce 2 tbsp rice flour 1 tbsp sugar Zest of 1 lime 1 egg 4 kafir lime leaves, stem removed, finely chopped 1 handful chopped basil leaves 1 large sliced...
  2. caseydog

    Recipe Yorky Porkie Thai Chili Burgers

    This burger was inspired by our resident "Burger King," Yorky. It is NOT a copy of a Yorky pork burger. It is my interpretation. The patty is ground pork, with diced shallot, garlic and sliced Thai chilis -- mixed into the meat, and rested overnight in the fridge. Instead of ketchup, I made a...
  3. rascal

    I made thai salad, and it was gooood.

    I've made this before and now my wife won't order this when out as she says mine is better. This made enough for 10 plus 3 took lunch for today with them. Daughter bought a cooked chicken I did the rest. Final pic. Russ
  4. rascal

    Thai creamed corn

    So I had a creamed corn n ham sammich for tea. When eating I looked down at the top I took off the corn. I've never seen canned food from Thailand before? Still good, but we have corn everywhere in summer.
  5. Unprofessional Cooker

    Recipe Easy sweet sticky rice with jackfruit by rice cooker

    Yep, no kidding! Your rice cooker can make sweet sticky rice, which can be served with mango or even jackfruit. Mostly we always see they serve with mango but in Thailand local sites we can serve sticky rice dishes with banana. Next time. The point is how to cook this thing is not that hard...
  6. Mountain Cat

    Recipe Thai Soup: Tom Kha Gai. Chicken in coconut & galangal

    Prepared for the start of the Asian Lunar Calendar, Year of the Rat. I am adapting a recipe from Russ Crandall's book, Paleo Take Out: Restaurant Favorites without the Junk. Because I seriously prefer the dark meat of chicken, that's what I'm using here. Bone-less, skinless, chicken thigh...
  7. rascal

    Thai beef satay

  8. rascal

    Thai chicken salad

    family coming tomorrow so I'm making the above salad, a fave with the kids grandkids. Pics will follow but it includes a store bought pre cooked chicken. I'm going for quick and easy. Lettuce I use is baby salad leaves and some iceberg I have grown here, I add sticks of cucumber, grated carrot...
  9. detroitdad

    Recipe Thai Red Curry Chicken

    Good Morning (or evening :) ) For dinner tonight I'm going to try my hand at a Thai dish. I'll post the recipe, then the tweaks I plan on making. Feel free to sound off with your thoughts. Thanks Ingredients: 1 1/2 cups basmati rice 1 tablespoon canola oil 1 1/2 pounds boneless, skinless...
  10. Masticator

    Recipe Easy? Pad Thai

    Easy Pad Thai Ingredients (Serves 4) 227g pkg. {preferably wide} rice noodles (ie: half a 1 Lb. bag) 2 tsp vegetable oil 6 oz. lean ground pork (marinated with char sui sauce -optional) 1 chopped sweet red bell pepper 1-2 Tbs Thai red curry paste 3 cloves garlic, minced 6 oz raw shrimp...
  11. CraigC

    Recipe Thai Red Curry Paste

    This is a very mild paste (too me). For more heat, add chilis to your taste. Thai Red Curry Paste Ingredients 3 oz dried New Mexico chilis, stems, seeds and veins removed. 12 small, dried hot chilis, such as arbol, japone, pequin or Thai bird 1 Tbsp whole corriander seed 1-1/2 Tbsp shrimp...
  12. Yorky

    Recipe Thai Ratatouille

    Ingredients 8 Thai green eggplants, sliced 8 mm 5 gherkins, sliced 8 mm 4 tomatoes, peeled and chopped 1 onion, thinly sliced 1 red capsicum, thinly sliced 4 garlic cloves, minced 6 Thai red chili peppers, chopped 4 flat parsley leaves, chopped olive oil seasoning Method Put the eggplants...
  13. Rocklobster

    My pup ate a thai chili yesterday..

    As I was scraping some left overs into a Tupperware storage container yesterday, a bit of it fell on the floor. The little scavenger sucked it all up before I could even bend down to stop the plop was a nice, whole, red thai chili..I grabbed her by the throat to try and stop her, but it...
  14. Yorky

    Recipe Tom Yam Khung Gai

    Ingredients 1 litre Tom yam stock*1 10 Prik kee noo chilies, slotted 2 Lemon grass stalks, sliced 6 slices Galangal 4 Kaffir lime leaves, torn 10 Small onions, whole (or shallots) 3 Coriander roots, crushed 300 gm Chicken breast, cubed 20 mm 100 gm Straw mushrooms...
  15. Lullabelle

    Recipe Prawn Cocktail

    This recipe is an old favourite, prawn cocktail. The best one I have ever had was in Thailand, a big cocktail glass was filled with shredded white cabbage, the sauce was quite dark and tangy, and the prawns sitting on the side of the glass were the biggest I have ever seen. Not the most original...
  16. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Oriental Butternut Squash, Potato & Red Grape Salad

    This version is vegan. It can be made with soya yoghurt and lemon juice, or my current preference which is pureed cashew nuts and lemon juice. However, in the making of this version, I only had coconut yoghurt to hand, limes and various other 'oriental' herbs. So I decided to have a Thai...
  17. Yorky

    Recipe Phat Si Io

    Stir fried prawns with rice noodles (pronounced Patseeyoo) Ingredients 200 g dried wide rice noodles 2 tablespoons olive oil 6 garlic cloves, chopped 1 green chili pepper, coarsely chopped 4 red chili peppers, coarsely chopped 1⁄2 teaspoon sugar 1⁄4 teaspoon salt black pepper (to taste) 1 1⁄2...
  18. Yorky

    Recipe Tom Yam Khung Gai

    Spicy and sour soup with prawns and chicken. Ingredients: 1 litre Tom Yam stock*1 10 Prik kee noo/bird's eye green chilies, slotted 2 Lemon grass stalks, sliced 6 slices Galangal 4 Kaffir lime leaves, torn 10 Small onions, whole (or shallots) 4 Coriander roots, crushed 250...
  19. Zyni

    Thai Food

    My husband and I like to try new things every so often, and we kept hearing about this Thai restaurant. We decided to give it a try, because my husband thought he would enjoy some curry. He wanted some of the really hot stuff. Well, it wasn't very hot, and it wasn't very good. Maybe it's just...
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