potato

The potato (also referred to as tater, tattie, and spud) is a root vegetable that is part of the plant Solanum tuberosum. This perennial is part of the family Solanaceae or the nightshades. In many contexts, the word potato refers to the edible starchy tuber portion of the plant, but it can also refer to the plant itself, which is native to the Americas.
Wild potato species can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. The potato was originally believed to have been domesticated by indigenous peoples of the Americas independently in multiple locations, but later genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species traced a single origin for potatoes. In the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia, from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex, potatoes were domesticated approximately 7,000–10,000 years ago. In the Andes region of South America, where the species is indigenous, some close relatives of the potato are cultivated.
Potatoes were introduced to Europe from the Americas in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply. As of 2014, potatoes were the world's fourth-largest food crop after maize (corn), wheat, and rice.Following millennia of selective breeding, there are now over 1,000 different types of potatoes. Over 99% of presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile, which have displaced formerly popular varieties from the Andes.The importance of the potato as a food source and culinary ingredient varies by region and is still changing. It remains an essential crop in Europe, especially Northern and Eastern Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2014.
Being a nightshade similar to tomatoes, the vegetative and fruiting parts of the potato contain the toxin solanine and are not fit for human consumption. Normal potato tubers that have been grown and stored properly produce glycoalkaloids in amounts small enough to be negligible to human health, but if green sections of the plant (namely sprouts and skins) are exposed to light, the tuber can accumulate a high enough concentration of glycoalkaloids to affect human health.

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  1. Timenspace

    Recipe Creamy Kohlrabi, potato, parsley root and ginger soup

    Ingredients: 1 large German turnip (Kohlrabi), about 250 g 4 medium size potatoes 2/3 of a parsley root, about 100 g 20 g of fresh ginger root (about the size of half a standard garlic clove) 1 garlic clove 1 smaller onion salt (4-6 pinches, to taste) 400-500 ml vegetable stock 200 ml of cooking...
  2. karadekoolaid

    Recipe Potato & Carrots, South Indian style

    This recipe is adapted from the book "660 Curries", by Raghavan Iyer. Ingredients: 3 medium potatoes, cut into chunks 1 tbsp vegetable oil 1 tsp black mustard seeds 1 tbsp urid dal 2 medium carrots, cut into strips 1 1/2 tsps salt 1/2 tsp turmeric 2 tsps coriander seeds 1/2 tsp fenugreek...
  3. grumpyoldman

    sweet potato pie VS pumpkin pie

    i grew up in the southeastern part of the U.S and had never even seen a pumpkin pie intil i was in my 30s but i did taste one about that time , i didn't care for the taste of the pumpkin pie i know many of you will say that you like the pumpkin pies but having said that have you ever tasted a...
  4. blades

    Recipe Natasha's Loaded Potato Soup

    If you like a soup with lots of calories and lots of flavor, this one is for you. It isn't my recipe. It came from Natasha's Kitchen. I've made it several times and love it. The recipe results in a soup that is thicker than I prefer so I cut back a little on the flour and add additional...
  5. Yorky

    Potato Peeler

    I've had my current potato peeler for around 18 years. And it's never been sharpened. My chef's knives are sharpened probably before ever third use unless cutting meat then they are sharpened every time. Why is it that my potato peeler doesn't appear to ever need sharpening?
  6. karadekoolaid

    Recipe Perkedel (Indonesian potato cakes)

    Ingredients: 500 gms potatoes 1 small onion (or 2-3 shallots) 4 cloves garlic 1 whole stalk (with leaves if possible) celery 1/4 tsp nutmeg Salt and Pepper to taste 1 egg Oil for frying Method: Peel the potatoes and cut into 1" chunks. Fry in hot oil until the potatoes barely start changing...
  7. M

    Would you eat this mashed potato?

    This is maybe a bit of a mean thing to post and just to put in to context my mother in law is a good cook and pretty much everything she makes is delicious. However her mashed potato is always really gloopy. Maybe it's the potatoes she uses but she always adds a lot of milk and butter and then...
  8. Herbaceous

    Recipe Christmas potato salad

    This is the recipe for my husband’s family’s traditional Christmas potato salad. I was introduced to this when we first started dating (almost 20 years ago now!). There’s no source for this recipe - we just copied how his family made it. Note that we never measure anything for this recipe -...
  9. P

    Cooking "aloo-matar". Potato and hard lentils indian style?

    I'm Indian and wondering how to cook it. I've never cooked them before. Do I cook it like soft lentils? I cook soft lentils like this way. 1) 1:5 lentil to water ratio (after being soaked for some time). 2) Put it in pressure cooker, add salt and wait for 3 whistles. What else do I need to do...
  10. Oven-Baked Potato and Onion flavoured with Saffron and Marjoram.jpg

    Oven-Baked Potato and Onion flavoured with Saffron and Marjoram.jpg

  11. AgileMJOLNIR

    Recipe German Schupfnudeln

    These are really delicious and something I had never tried up until cooking them myself. Basically a German Gnocchi more or less, shaped differently and browned a bit. I use to hate Kraut growing up and now love it as an adult along with all kinds of fermented foods. Kraut and Pork are an...
  12. medtran49

    Recipe Saag aloo AKA spinach and potato curry

    This dish can be a main (vegan/vegetarian also), especially if served with poori or naan. It can also be served as part of a many dish Indian meal. The recipe is based on a Madhur Jaffrey recipe that I have tweaked a bit for our taste, as well as ingredient availability. 30 to 32 ounces...
  13. Yorky

    Recipe Pork and Potato Pie

    Pork and Potato Pie Ingredients 400 gms pork loin, cubed Olive oil 1 medium onion, chopped 2 fresh tomatoes, peeled and chopped 300 ml pork stock 10 button mushrooms, halved if large ½ tsp white sesame seeds 3 medium potatoes, cubed 1 large carrot, sliced 1 medium onion, chopped milk butter...
  14. karadekoolaid

    Recipe Papas Arrugadas con Mojitos

    The recipe comes from the Canary Islands. Wrinkled potatoes with 2 sauces: one red, one green. Ingredients: 500 gms small potatoes, unpeeled 5 tbsps sea salt Water to cover For the mojito verde: 2 medium green peppers 1-2 serrano chiles (or something similar) Handful of coriander leaf (you...
  15. murphyscreek

    Recipe & Video Aloo Paratha

    Delicious Indian bread with a spicy potato stuffing. Recipe Ingredients 2 medium size potatoes, peeled and boiled 1 and 1/2 tsp garam masala 1 tsp Kashmiri chilli powder 1 tsp amchur powder 1/2 tsp salt 1/2 tsp ground black pepper 1 large green chilli chopped finely 1 handful coriander...
  16. TastyReuben

    Recipe Country Potato Soup

    Country Potato Soup Makes 4-6 servings Ingredients 8 slices lean bacon 1/4 cup chopped celery 1/2 cup chopped onion 2 medium potatoes, peeled and cut into 1-inch cubes (about 3 cups) 2-1/2 cups water 1 bay leaf 1/2 tsp salt 1/4 tsp grated nutmeg, rounded 1/4 tsp dried marjoram, rounded...
  17. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Retro Recipe Chocolate Potato Cake

    I originally made this cake as a lemon & blueberry cake which was great, but I wanted a chocolate cake today, so decided to modify the original recipe to include chocolate... I marking this up as a retro recipe for a reason. It apparently comes from an old Italian cookbook (Pellegrino Artusi...
  18. AgileMJOLNIR

    Recipe Handmade Gnocchi with Hard Cider Braised Pork and Mushrooms

    Recipe below the pic. INGREDIENTS Olive oil 500g brown mushrooms, sliced 500g exotic mushrooms Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper, to season 15g butter 1,5kg shoulder of pork, cubed 2 red onions, sliced 10g fresh sage 3 garlic cloves, crushed 170ml cider 1,5 litres chicken stock 500ml...
  19. TastyReuben

    Recipe Potato Tarte Flambée

    Potato Tarte Flambée Serves 4-6 Ingredients AP flour, for dusting Two 6oz balls of sourdough pizza dough Olive oil, for brushing & drizzling 1/4 cup crème fraiche 1/4 pound red potatoes, cut into 1/16th-inch slices 1/4 cup lightly packed fresh rosemary leaves 2 tsp finely grated lemon zest...
  20. kaneohegirlinaz

    Recipe Smothered Baked Potato

    Smothered Baked Potato Serves 2 Ingredients: 1 large Russet Potato +/- 1 Tbsp. Olive Oil Salt & Pepper to taste 2 C. Chili Con Carne (Homemade is best) Garnishes of your choice: (Here's just some suggestions) Chopped White Onion Grated Cheese Sour Cream or Yogurt Chopped Green Onions...
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