The potato (also referred to as tater, tattie, and spud) is a root vegetable that is part of the plant Solanum tuberosum. This perennial is part of the family Solanaceae or the nightshades. In many contexts, the word potato refers to the edible starchy tuber portion of the plant, but it can also refer to the plant itself, which is native to the Americas.
Wild potato species can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. The potato was originally believed to have been domesticated by indigenous peoples of the Americas independently in multiple locations, but later genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species traced a single origin for potatoes. In the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia, from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex, potatoes were domesticated approximately 7,000–10,000 years ago. In the Andes region of South America, where the species is indigenous, some close relatives of the potato are cultivated.
Potatoes were introduced to Europe from the Americas in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply. As of 2014, potatoes were the world's fourth-largest food crop after maize (corn), wheat, and rice.Following millennia of selective breeding, there are now over 1,000 different types of potatoes. Over 99% of presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile, which have displaced formerly popular varieties from the Andes.The importance of the potato as a food source and culinary ingredient varies by region and is still changing. It remains an essential crop in Europe, especially Northern and Eastern Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2014.
Being a nightshade similar to tomatoes, the vegetative and fruiting parts of the potato contain the toxin solanine and are not fit for human consumption. Normal potato tubers that have been grown and stored properly produce glycoalkaloids in amounts small enough to be negligible to human health, but if green sections of the plant (namely sprouts and skins) are exposed to light, the tuber can accumulate a high enough concentration of glycoalkaloids to affect human health.

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  1. Packaged Deviled Egg Potato Salad

    Packaged Deviled Egg Potato Salad

    Packaged Deviled Egg Potato Salad
  2. flyinglentris

    The Andes is Not Just the Home of The Potato

    I am wondering how many members may have used other Andean tubers, oca, yacón/jicama, chuño, ulluco, mashwa, etc. I had never heard of these alternate Andean tubers before today and am curious about their flavor and uses in food combinations and recipes. Some are colorful. And I would also...
  3. Loaded Potato Soup with Shrimp

    Loaded Potato Soup with Shrimp

    It tastes just like a Loaded Baked Potato. Homemade Chicken stock, Potato chunks, Bacon, Sour cream, sharp Cheddar cheese, Scallions, with Shrimp added in. A goodly pinch of Cayenne when I did a last taste for seasoning. For service, freshly ground Black Pepper and Scallions.
  4. karadekoolaid

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  5. karadekoolaid

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  6. MBCreativeKitchen

    Recipe & Video Kabocha Squash Curry Potato Buns (Vegetarian Japanese Pumpkin Curry Potato Buns)

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  7. LissaC

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  8. Packaged Frozen French Fries

    Packaged Frozen French Fries

    Packaged Frozen French Fries
  9. Windigo

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  10. Yorky

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  11. MypinchofItaly

    Recipe Oven-Baked Tomato and Potato Frittata

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  12. MypinchofItaly

    Recipe Potato Gnocchi in Peas and Ricotta Creamy Sauce

    Serve 4, Preparation 10 minutes, Cooking 20 minutes Potato Gnocchi, about 900 g 250 g fresh ricotta 50 g grated Parmigiano cheese 200 g fresh or frozen peas (canned too) 1 onion, sliced salt, to taste EVOO – Extra Virgin Olive Oil, 2 tablespoons Method For each person, 220 g of gnocchi...
  13. Hash Brown Patties

    Hash Brown Patties

    Hash Brown Patties
  14. Baked Potato with Cayenne Pepper Sauce and Sour Cream

    Baked Potato with Cayenne Pepper Sauce and Sour Cream

    Baked Potato with Cayenne Pepper Sauce and Sour Cream
  15. Leek and Potato Soup.jpeg

    Leek and Potato Soup.jpeg

  16. Leek and Potato Soup.jpeg

    Leek and Potato Soup.jpeg

  17. Baked Potatoes.jpeg

    Baked Potatoes.jpeg

  18. Baked potatoes.jpeg

    Baked potatoes.jpeg

  19. Potatoes.jpeg


  20. Stir-Fried Potatoes with Herbs.jpeg

    Stir-Fried Potatoes with Herbs.jpeg

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