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Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat (T. aestivum).
The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis.
Wheat is grown on more land area than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares, 2014). World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. In 2016, world production of wheat was 749 million tonnes, making it the second most-produced cereal after maize. Since 1960, world production of wheat and other grain crops has tripled and is expected to grow further through the middle of the 21st century. Global demand for wheat is increasing due to the unique viscoelastic and adhesive properties of gluten proteins, which facilitate the production of processed foods, whose consumption is increasing as a result of the worldwide industrialization process and the westernization of the diet.Wheat is an important source of carbohydrates. Globally, it is the leading source of vegetal protein in human food, having a protein content of about 13%, which is relatively high compared to other major cereals but relatively low in protein quality for supplying essential amino acids. When eaten as the whole grain, wheat is a source of multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.In a small part of the general population, gluten – the major part of wheat protein – can trigger coeliac disease, noncoeliac gluten sensitivity, gluten ataxia, and dermatitis herpetiformis.

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  1. Mountain Cat

    Recipe Kamut (Khorasan Wheat), Veggies and Duck Legs

    I apologize for the lack of photos of this dish… I plumb forgot to take any. I brought it to a friend at her hip re-hab facility. I intended to make this for Christmas Day lunch (especially as she describes it the food they serve there hardly deserves the word “food” or even “sustenance”...
  2. Wheat Bread

    Wheat Bread

    Wheat Bread
  3. Ears of Wheat.jpeg

    Ears of Wheat.jpeg

  4. MrsDangermouse

    Recipe Feta & Bulgar Wheat Salad

    Last night we had a BBQ and I didn't fancy any of the usual potato-based side dishes we usually do. And we don't have any salad at the moment. So I threw together this bulgar wheat salad with the feta I had left over from Thursday's cheese flatbreads :okay: Serves 2-3: - 100g Bulgar Wheat...
  5. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Persian Herb, Bean and Wheat Stew (Ash-e-Sholeh-Ghalamkar)

    This is one of those dishes that is not only flexible with the quantities for the ingredients, mixing and matching with whatever you've got available but looks like an awfully complicated recipe and the truth is ,it isn't . It's actually quite simple and is just a question of timing of you're...
  6. MypinchofItaly

    Recipe Wheat with grape must

    This recipe brings me back in time when I was little girl and it was prepared by my aunts for the All Souls' Day on November 2nd. Wheat with cooked grape must and pomegranate is one of the typical Apulian recipes. It is a simple dessert, tasty and rich in healthy ingredients such as wheat...
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