Wine is an alcoholic drink made from fermented grapes. Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir, and the production process. Many countries enact legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine. These typically restrict the geographical origin and permitted varieties of grapes, as well as other aspects of wine production. Wines not made from grapes include rice wine and fruit wines such as plum, cherry, pomegranate, currant and elderberry.
Wine has been produced for thousands of years. The earliest known traces of wine are from Georgia (c. 6000 BC), Iran (c. 5000 BC), and Sicily (c. 4000 BC) although there is evidence of a similar alcoholic drink being consumed earlier in China (c. 7000 BC). The earliest known winery is the 6,100-year-old Areni-1 winery in Armenia. Wine reached the Balkans by 4500 BC and was consumed and celebrated in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome. Throughout history, wine has been consumed for its intoxicating effects.Wine has long played an important role in religion. Red wine was associated with blood by the ancient Egyptians and was used by both the Greek cult of Dionysus and the Romans in their Bacchanalia; Judaism also incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in the Eucharist.

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  1. TastyReuben

    Help me with this wine, please!

    Ok, I do this far more than I like to admit: I bought this wine, pictured below, to use in a specific recipe, probably back in October. Do I have even the vaguest idea what that dish was, or even what family or cuisine that dish fell under? Of course not! I’m 56yo and losing my 🤬 memory...
  2. Morning Glory

    Recipe Mussels in garlic butter sauce with prosciutto and piquillo peppers

    Piquillo peppers* are a vibrant red and have a mild fruity taste which is a lovely combination with the slightly salty prosciutto and sweet mussels. The tarragon adds an aniseed flavour to this dish, but you could use basil instead if you prefer. I used prosciutto cotto but crudo would be fine...
  3. Sauvignon Blanc Wine

    Sauvignon Blanc Wine

    Sauvignon Blanc Wine
  4. Tritip Steak, King Crab Leg and Potato with Sauvignon Blancb Wine

    Tritip Steak, King Crab Leg and Potato with Sauvignon Blancb Wine

    Tritip Steak, King Crab Leg and Potato with Sauvignon Blancb Wine
  5. Mountain Cat

    Recipe A Roman Cabbage Repast from Antiquity

    Contains: Seafood, alcohol. Is: Quick and easy, Paleo. It’s a recipe from “Tasting History with Max Miller”, an excellent YouTube channel that cropped up in March 2020, and took off because Max Miller had a lot of free time on his hands, being furloughed from his day job due to a certain...
  6. TastyReuben

    Do you aerate your wine?

    Do you aerate your wine, by one method or the other? Some common ways are to whizz it in a blender for several seconds, or pass it between two jugs several times. I use two plastic 1-liter beer steins and pass it back and forth about 15 times and it does seem to help. Some say you only need...
  7. Shadow

    Texan Wine

    Calling all residents of the Lone Star state (or visitors). Yes, that means you caseydog, surely there are others? No, the title is not an oxymoron. For any folk interested in wine from TX, this landed in my inbox today. Happy reading! And maybe happy tasting!
  8. Kendall-Jackson Cabernet Sauvignon Wines

    Kendall-Jackson Cabernet Sauvignon Wines

    Cabernet Sauvignon Vintner's Reserve 2018 and Cabernet Sauvignon Vintner's Reserve 2019
  9. Kendall-Jackson Sauvignon Blanc Wine

    Kendall-Jackson Sauvignon Blanc Wine

    Sauvignon Blanc Vintner's Reserve 2020
  10. Kendall-Jackson Wines

    Kendall-Jackson Wines

    Cabernet Sauvignon Vintner's Reserve 2018, Cabernet Sauvignon Vintner's Reserve 2019 and Cabernet Blanc Vintner's Reserve 2020
  11. flyinglentris

    Wine Ratings/Scores

    Wine ratings are a sort of generalized system that is to some extent, usable when trying to pick a good wine. But wine ratings are based upon classification by people, particular people, most precisely, wine critics and wine writers, and to another degree, tasters. So, we rely upon specific...
  12. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Did you know that milk protein is used in fining in wine?

    I knew that there were alcoholic drinks I had to avoid. Eggnog, Bailey's and milk Stout are the ones that spring to mind immediately but today I found another to add to my list, for someone with a severe allergy to milk and that's the common "cheap white wine" for cooking with. Grr. it does...
  13. flyinglentris

    Recipe Ice Milk Wine Float

    Ice Milk Wine Float: NOTE: Ice milk is called low fat ice cream today, after a rule change in naming it, due to butter fat content. NOTE: Both ice cream and low fat ice cream (ice milk) typically require using an ice cream machine to thicken them up. But, they can still be made without the...
  14. flyinglentris

    Drinking Wine Temperature?

    Just out of curiosity, what temperature do you prefer to drink wine? Do you like some wine types room temperature, while others, chilled? I, for example, prefer all my drinking wine chilled. But I can drink it warm, on occasion.
  15. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    The CookingBites Recipe Challenge: Wine

    Welcome to the CookingBites Recipe Challenge. The current challenge ingredient is wine (any type, including wine vinegar, grape molasses, sherry and sherry vinegar but not grapes or grape juice) and The Late Night Gourmet is judge. To enter, all you need to do is post a recipe using wine (as a...
  16. M

    Healthy eating and Wine

    Hi All, What do you think of wine and healthy eating. Can the two compliment each other or would you cut wine out completely? Thanks for sharing your views! Regards, Moncharm
  17. Duck59

    Wine from off the beaten track

    We're used to seeing French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, South African and American (North and South) wine on the shelves of supermarkets and off licences, but what about those myriad other places that produce the juice of the grape? I've been fortunate enough to have visited quite a lot of...
  18. Duck59

    Britain - a nation of coffee and wine drinkers?

    I appreciate that members of this forum come from all around the world, but there's a fair smattering of Brits on here and here's something I found interesting. It's (bear with me, it does get interesting) the Family Expenditure Report from the Office of National Statistics. Well, not all of...
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