Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or less commonly Oryza glaberrima (African rice). The name wild rice is usually used for species of the genera Zizania and Porteresia, both wild and domesticated, although the term may also be used for primitive or uncultivated varieties of Oryza.
As a cereal grain, domesticated rice is the most widely consumed staple food for over half of the world's human population, especially in Asia and Africa. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize. Since sizable portions of sugarcane and maize crops are used for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important food crop with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one-fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. There are many varieties of rice and culinary preferences tend to vary regionally.

The traditional method for cultivating rice is flooding the fields while, or after, setting the young seedlings. This simple method requires sound irrigation planning but reduces the growth of less robust weed and pest plants that have no submerged growth state, and deters vermin. While flooding is not mandatory for the cultivation of rice, all other methods of irrigation require higher effort in weed and pest control during growth periods and a different approach for fertilizing the soil.

Rice, a monocot, is normally grown as an annual plant, although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial and can produce a ratoon crop for up to 30 years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is labor-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water. However, rice can be grown practically anywhere, even on a steep hill or mountain area with the use of water-controlling terrace systems. Although its parent species are native to Asia and certain parts of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have made it commonplace in many cultures worldwide. Production and consumption of rice is estimated to have been responsible for 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2010.

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  1. GadgetGuy

    Recipe Rice, Chicken & Cheese Casserole with Green Peas.

    I'm making a rice chicken & cheese casserole MY WAY. Only, instead of broccoli, I'm using green peas. The store ran out of broccoli & I was wondering what to use in place of it, so I thought about using green peas in it. This is not a copy of anyone else's recipe. I thought of this myself so...
  2. vernplum

    Recipe Golden Spam Fried Rice

    Spam Fried Rice is not uncommon and of course there is even a version on Hormel's own Spam website, but this method below combines a couple of techniques that elevate it somewhat that I've picked up over the years trying to emulate Chinese takeout versions and restaurant versions. Look away if...
  3. blades

    Recipe Fusion Pork Fried Rice

    This morning I took a half pork tenderloin out of the freezer not knowing what I would do with it. As I like to do I went through the fridge and pantry looking for an inspiration. I decided to make a fusion pork fried rice. The rice and sauce are certainly Asian but the rest of the...
  4. kaneohegirlinaz

    Recipe Spicy Mayo Tuna Onigiri

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  5. blades

    Recipe Arroz con Leche - Spanish Rice Pudding

    Rice pudding can be found in many cuisines. This version is the way my Cuban mother used to make it. The recipe is from memory so I apologize if I left something out. Ingredients 1/2 cup short grained rice. Arborio works well for me. 4 cups whole milk 1/3 cup granulated sugar. Adjust to...
  6. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Burnt Aubergine Soup with Rice and Herbs

    I came across this recipe whilst looking for an aubergine soup and it hit the spot. I ended up modifying the recipe adding more spices but the end result was exceptionally nice. I've added some urfa piper flakes at the end. I also thought that a can of chickpeas would work very well with this...
  7. GadgetGuy

    One-Pot Chicken Broccoli & Rice Casserole.

    I want to make this, but the recipe is calling for UNCOOKED rice. Is there a recipe that calls for COOKED rice? I have a big bowl of cooked basmati rice in the fridge. I don't want to cook MORE rice on top of what I have already cooked!! That doesn't make any sense to me! Please help if you can...
  8. blades

    Recipe Cajun Style Red Beans and Rice

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  9. P

    Rice Cakes

    Does anyone have a good recipe for rice cakes? I tried mixing rice with some water, salt and pepper then popping it in the air fryer. Its crispy but definitely not the same as those at the store. Can't seem to find a recipe online.
  10. Yorky

    Recipe Thai Pineapple Fried Rice

    Ingredients 1 Whole fresh pineapple 3 tblsp Olive oil 150 gms Chicken, cut into bite size pieces 2 Eggs 200 gms Plain Jasmine rice, cooked 100 gms Onion, chopped 4 Spring onions, chopped 1 tblsp Fish sauce 2 tsp Soy sauce Salt and black pepper 1 Fresh tomato, chopped 2 Spring onions, whole 1...
  11. blades

    Recipe Arroz con Frijoles Negros - Rice with Black Beans

    Here is one more staple of Cuban comfort food. It is loaded with vegetable protein and is healthy, filling and delicious. Back in the day it was called Cristianos y Moros (Christians and Moors) with the white rice grains representing the Christians and the black beans representing the Moorish...
  12. blades

    Recipe Arroz con Pollo - Rice with Chicken

    Let's see if I can write an acceptable recipe from my memory. My version of this Spanish dish comes from my Cuban mother who made it often. I've made it a few hundred times myself. Sofrito is the Spanish version of mirepoix. It is the Latin trinity. In Latin America it is onion, green bell...
  13. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Celery Congee with Braised Mushrooms

    I found the recipe in theguardian.com food website and made only minor modifications to it (less salt, more garlic, ginger, miso). Adapted from Meera Sodha’s vegan recipe for celery congee with braised mushrooms | The new vegan. It is the main accompaniment to a meal, so will need a protein...
  14. kaneohegirlinaz

    Recipe Chicken & Saffron Rice

    I had some Celery in the crisper drawer, calling to be used. I'm not the biggest fan of cooked Celery, but if it's in something, like this riff on medtran49 recipe, I'm good. And I'm always looking for ways to bulk up the veg-component, the more the merrier! I would also like to add that there...
  15. FowlersFreeTime

    Recipe FFT Chicken Fried Rice

    I missed the chance to submit this in the last recipe challenge, but still thought I would share it so others could see that a "common" recipe like Fried Rice has infinite variations! Everyone has a different spin on this classic, so here's mine. My fried rice is not a one-pot affair; every...
  16. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Sholeh Zard/Sari Shilah - Persian Saffron Rice Pudding

    I have to say that this one has taken me very pleasantly by surprise. One of the writers of the 2 recipes I've combined states And they are spot on. I went back for seconds and had to stop myself there. As always I've cut back on the sugar, and I reckon it could easily be cut back again...
  17. medtran49

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  18. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Aubergines, Tomatoes and Rice

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  19. msmofet

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  20. The Late Night Gourmet

    Recipe Ritzy Chicken Rice Casserole

    If you want to make something easy, you can’t get much easier than a casserole. Even though I took the time to prepare the chicken and broccoli, you can make this even easier by using prepared chicken and frozen broccoli. It’s hard to screw this up. The crispy layer of the crackers on the top...
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