rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or less commonly Oryza glaberrima (African rice). The name wild rice is usually used for species of the genera Zizania and Porteresia, both wild and domesticated, although the term may also be used for primitive or uncultivated varieties of Oryza.
As a cereal grain, domesticated rice is the most widely consumed staple food for over half of the world's human population, especially in Asia and Africa. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize. Since sizable portions of sugarcane and maize crops are used for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important food crop with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one-fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. There are many varieties of rice and culinary preferences tend to vary regionally.

The traditional method for cultivating rice is flooding the fields while, or after, setting the young seedlings. This simple method requires sound irrigation planning but reduces the growth of less robust weed and pest plants that have no submerged growth state, and deters vermin. While flooding is not mandatory for the cultivation of rice, all other methods of irrigation require higher effort in weed and pest control during growth periods and a different approach for fertilizing the soil.

Rice, a monocot, is normally grown as an annual plant, although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial and can produce a ratoon crop for up to 30 years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is labor-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water. However, rice can be grown practically anywhere, even on a steep hill or mountain area with the use of water-controlling terrace systems. Although its parent species are native to Asia and certain parts of Africa, centuries of trade and exportation have made it commonplace in many cultures worldwide. Production and consumption of rice is estimated to have been responsible for 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2010.

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  1. Mountain Cat

    Recipe Lu Rou Fan: Taiwanese Rice Bowl with Pork Belly

    Recipe adapted from: Lu Rou Fan (Taiwaneld6161ese Pork Rice Bowl) I mention potential substitutions for alcohol in the recipe proper. Soy sauces can also be subbed with coconut aminos to make them legume-free as well as gluten-free. (I find that to be too sweet for me.) A note about...
  2. Radicchio risotto with Crunchy Pancetta.jpg

    Radicchio risotto with Crunchy Pancetta.jpg

  3. The Late Night Gourmet

    Recipe Pelau (Trinidad Rice, Chicken, and Pigeon Peas)

    Pelau is a traditional rice dish of the French West Indies and popularized in other Caribbean countries such as Trinidad. Pelau shares its origins with pilaf and Spain's original version of their dish, paella. There were two cool things I did in making this dish: rendering the chicken fat, and...
  4. flyinglentris

    Recipe Spice Islands Chicken Fried Rice

    Spice Islands Chicken Fried Rice: Ingredients: 1) Chicken half breast - 1/2 2) Rice Blend - 1/8 cup dry with equal mix of the following - White rice - Brown rice - Red rice - Black Rice - Long grain wild rice - Farro perlato 3) Mixed vegetables - 1/8 cup 4) Onion - 1/8 cup 5) Garlic - 4 to 5...
  5. Spice Islands Chicken Fried Rice, Simmered in Wine

    Spice Islands Chicken Fried Rice, Simmered in Wine

    Spice Islands Chicken Fried Rice, Simmered in Wine
  6. MypinchofItaly

    Recipe Torta Carrarina – Rice & Eggs Cake from Tuscany

    Serves: 4 – baking tin 28×21| Preparation time: 20 mins | Cooking time: about 60 mins White or brown sugar: 250 g Short-grain white rice: 120 g Milk, lukewarm: 500 ml Rum or sweet Marsala wine or Sambuca, anise-flavored liqueur: 45 ml (optional) Vanilla extract: 2 ml Eggs: 7 Lemon zest: of 1...
  7. rascal

    What rice do you use

    Since daughter moved in last year she got me onto jasmine rice. I love the stuff. I used some brown rice but didn't like it all. We ran out of jasmine and we only just got it a week or two ago. I'm having rice with kebabs tonight. I also have arborio for risotto . Do you have a go to rice? Russ
  8. Grains - Barley, Brown Rice, Farro Perlato and Rice Blend

    Grains - Barley, Brown Rice, Farro Perlato and Rice Blend

    Grains - Barley, Brown Rice, Farro Perlato and Rice Blend
  9. Grains - Wheat Berries, Rye Berries, Red Rice, Black Rice, Long Grain Wild Rice

    Grains - Wheat Berries, Rye Berries, Red Rice, Black Rice, Long Grain Wild Rice

    Grains - Wheat Berries, Rye Berries, Red Rice, Black Rice, Long Grain Wild Rice
  10. Brown Rice

    Brown Rice

    Brown Rice
  11. Windigo

    Recipe Tzimmes, Jewish lamb stew with prunes

    This is a traditional Jewish stew, usually served on the Sabbath. It's been tweaked a little to a more luxurious version by adding wine and lamb. The original stew is often just prunes with sweet root vegetables, though often a type of red meat is used too. Ingredients: - 500 g fatty lamb meat...
  12. LissaC

    Recipe Portuguese tomato rice (Arroz de tomate malandrinho)

    Here shown with hake fish fritters In Portugal, tomato rice is a creamy, brothy rice that usually goes with fried fish. It is usually made with Carolino rice, a portuguese variety of rice that is supposed to be similar to Italian Arborio rice, it's a shorter grain rice. You can use any other...
  13. Pork Chop with Red Rice in Currant Wine Sauce

    Pork Chop with Red Rice in Currant Wine Sauce

    Pork Chop with Red Rice in Currant Wine Sauce
  14. flyinglentris

    Recipe Pork Chop with Red Rice in Currant Wine Sauce

    Pork Chop with Red Rice in Currant Wine Sauce: Ingredients: 1) Pork chop, boneless (thick) - 1 2) Red rice - 1/8 cup dry 3) Black currant preserves - 1/4 cup 4) Wine, Cabernet Sauvignon - 1/2 cup 5) Shallot - 1/2 large 6) Garlic - 1/4 cup 7) Anaheim pepper - 1/2 8) Mushrooms, crimini - 6...
  15. Pork Chop and Red Rice with Currant Red Wine Sauce

    Pork Chop and Red Rice with Currant Red Wine Sauce

    Pork Chop and Red Rice with Currant Red Wine Sauce
  16. K

    What should I add to rice?

    Hey, I want to make new dishes and a lot of them I was hoping to serve with rice but I'm not entirely sure how I would make the rice not plain. I'm not sure what spices to add. If I wanted to cook Korean fried chicken, does anyone have any suggestions on what to add to the rice? Thanks :)
  17. MypinchofItaly

    Recipe Blackberry Risotto with Crispy Pancetta

    Blackberries have a sweet-sourish flavour that releases a charming non-invasive aftertaste. The savouriness of pancetta – pork belly – and the soft light cream cheese we added, balance perfectly the flavour. Instead of making the usual vegetable broth, we simply used hot water which worked very...
  18. Blackberry Risotto.jpeg

    Blackberry Risotto.jpeg

  19. Blackberry Risotto.jpeg

    Blackberry Risotto.jpeg

  20. Hemulen

    Recipe Marinated beef with leek and spicy rice

    Marinated beef with leek and spicy rice Serves 5-6 | Marinating overnight, Preparation & cooking 30-40 min This dish contains shallot, garlic and leek. The nigella seeds (Nigella sativa L.) mimic the tone of roasted onions. The abundant vinegar and a spoonful of sugar give the beef a Teriyaki...
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