onion

The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Its close relatives include the garlic, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion.This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum), the tree onion (A. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season.
The onion plant has a fan of hollow, bluish-green leaves and its bulb at the base of the plant begins to swell when a certain day-length is reached. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become dry and brittle. The crop is harvested and dried and the onions are ready for use or storage. The crop is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases, particularly the onion fly, the onion eelworm, and various fungi cause rotting. Some varieties of A. cepa, such as shallots and potato onions, produce multiple bulbs.
Onions are cultivated and used around the world. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. They are pungent when chopped and contain certain chemical substances which irritate the eyes.

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  1. Yorky

    Recipe Mushroom Bhaji

    Ingredients 1 medium onion, finely chopped 6 garlic cloves, crushed 1⁄2 teaspoon ground turmeric 1⁄2 teaspoon chili powder 1 teaspoon ground coriander 1 teaspoon ground cumin 3⁄4 teaspoon salt 1 tablespoon tomato puree 225 g button mushrooms, halved if large Method Heat the oil in a wok...
  2. Yorky

    Recipe Bratfud Bangla (Chicken Curry)

    Curry Sauce - Ingredients 3 tblsp Vegetable Oil or ghee 1 Medium onion, chopped 4 Garlic cloves, crushed (or 4 tsp pureed garlic *1) 40 mm Cube ginger, grated (or 4 tsp pureed ginger *1) 4 Fresh green or red chilies, chopped 1/2 tsp Ground turmeric 1/2 tsp Ground cumin seeds 1/2 tsp Ground...
  3. Yorky

    Recipe Potato and onion Raita

    Ingredients 2 tblsp Olive oil ½ tsp Fennel seeds 4 Garlic cloves, finely chopped 1 Medium onion, finely chopped 300 gm Potatoes, scrubbed and diced 1 tsp Ground cumin seeds ½ tsp Salt (or to taste) 200 gm Natural yoghurt ½ tsp Sugar ½ tsp Paprika or chili powder Method Heat the oil in a...
  4. Yorky

    Recipe Hot and Sour Potatoes

    These potatoes are hot (spicy) and sour (lemon juice) but not so much so that they cannot accompany a western style dish in addition to an Indian curry. Ingredients 700 gm Potatoes, firm waxy 4 tblsp Olive oil 1 Medium onion, finely chopped 1 tsp Whole black mustard seeds ½ tsp Whole cumin...
  5. Yorky

    Recipe Vegetable Masala

    A friend of my (R.I.P.) used to love this. He was a chicken eating vegetarian. Ingredients 1 Medium size cauliflower 2 Medium size potatoes 4 tblsp Vegetable oil 1 tsp Whole cumin seeds 1 Large onion, chopped 1/2 tsp Ground turmeric 1 tsp Ground coriander seeds 1 tsp Chili powder 3 Tomatoes...
  6. Yorky

    Recipe Beef Hotpot

    Ingredients Butter 500g rump beef, cut into 25mm chunks and seasoned 2 chicken or lamb kidneys, sliced, fat removed 1 large onion, chopped 6 cloves garlic, minced 1 large carrot, sliced 12 gm plain flour 1 tsp Worcestershire sauce 250ml beef stock 1 bay leaf 450g potatoes, scrubbed and sliced...
  7. Yorky

    Recipe Bhindi Bhaji

    Ingredients 300 gm okra, chopped into 20 mm lengths and soaked in water for at least 30 minutes 2 tblsp olive oil 1 tsp whole cumin seeds 1 medium onion, chopped 6 - 8 garlic cloves, thinly sliced 1 tsp chili powder 1 tsp ground coriander seeds 1/2 tsp turmeric 2 tomatoes, peeled and chopped...
  8. Yorky

    Recipe Potato and Okra Jhalfrezi

    Ingredients 750 gm Potatoes, scrubbed 4 tblsp Olive oil 250 gm Okra, trimmed, chopped, washed and soaked for 30 minutes 2 Large onions, finely chopped 3 tsp Ginger, pureed 2 tsp Garlic pureed 6 Red or orange Thai chilies, chopped 1 tsp Ground coriander seeds 1 tsp Ground cumin...
  9. Morning Glory

    Recipe Baked onion stuffed with cheese and pine nuts

    An easy recipe. I used some off-cut strips of puff pastry to surround the onion but this is not necessary. Cooked and photographed today Ingredients Large onion Soft cheese (I used blue brie) Pine nuts (you could use flaked almonds) Method Peel the onion and slice a small piece from top and...
  10. winterybella

    Recipe French Onion Zoddle bake

    I was struggling to find something to qualify for the Challenge and I am thinking this dish probably does. Even if it doesn't I love the name and it looks like something I would delight in making. Here is the recipe. Yield: serves 4 PREP TIME: 20 MINUTES COOK TIME: 45 MINUTES INGREDIENTS...
  11. winterybella

    Recipe Caramelized Onion, Bacon and Spinach Pizza

    And I am back hopefully to make some more meaningful contributions. What better way to start than with some comfort food of sorts. I cannot function without onions and wanted to find something that would be practical for me. Here goes. Yield: 1 12-inch pizza Ingredients 1 lb pizza dough...
  12. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Balsamic Caramelised Onion Hummus

    We get through a lot of hummus in this household. If it is not hummus, it is often mashed chickpeas with a touch of oil and tahini added, not enough to class as hummus and not mashed enough to even be classed as chunky but just enough to hold the mixture together. So given we always purchase...
  13. Caribbean girl

    Recipe Tomato, Onion, Avocado Salad

    Avocado is one of my favourite vegetables. When I came across this recipe I figured it was quite simple and would make a lovely salad. Source: http://www.simplyrecipes.com/recipes/tomato_onion_avocado_salad/ Ingredients: 3-4 fresh large tomatoes, sliced Kosher salt 1/2 red onion, thinly...
  14. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe Caramelised Onion and Balsamic Vinegar Ice Cream

    Following on from another thread and the current onion ingredient recipe challenge, I though I would jokingly see if onion ice cream existed... Guess what... The recipe comes from here http://www.npr.org/2011/08/23/139882489/caramelized-onion-and-balsamic-ice-cream And they credit it to...
  15. SatNavSaysStraightOn

    Recipe French Onion Soup

    I was looking for something for the Onion recipe challenge that @classic33 set and was after something that was predominantly onions when it hit me. Onion soup, or more accurately French Onion Soup and so I set off for a typical recipe for French Onion Soup. Ingredients 2 tbsp olive oil (or...
  16. Caribbean girl

    Recipe Scalloped Potatoes with Onions and Cheddar Cheese

    Well here goes my first recipe for the challenge. Source: http://www.thekitchn.com/recipe-scalloped-potatoes-with-onions-and-cheddar-cheese-recipes-from-the-kitchn-195595 Ingredients: 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 1 medium onion, thinly sliced 4 cups whole milk (or 2 cups milk and 2 cups...
  17. C

    Recipe Blooming onion

    Ingredients 1 cup plain flour 1/2 tsp paprika 1/4 tsp cayenne pepper 2 eggs 1/2 cup milk 2 brown onions 1L vegetable oil Spicy dipping sauce 1/2 cup mayonnaise 1 tbs tomato sauce 1/2 tsp paprika 1/2 tsp horseradish cream 1/4 tsp cayenne pepper Method Combine mayonnaise, tomato...
  18. C

    Recipe Onion, Carrot And Broccoli Smoothie

    Ingredients 2 Medium Carrots ½ Medium Onion 4 Broccoli Florets Method Peel Onion and dice, do the same with the carrots. Chop the Broccoli florets into small pieces. For a Nutriblast simply add water to the max line and blitz .You might need to stop and shake then continue. For those of you...
  19. Caribbean girl

    Have you ever considered using onion powder?

    Onions are something that most of us use on a daily basis in our cooking. Before using an onion, it first has to be peeled, washed and then sliced or diced. Onion powder can be a good substitute when one is pressed for time or would prefer not to have to go through the process of peeling and...
  20. Morning Glory

    Recipe Spinach, Mushrooms & onions (revisited)

    As promised, as co-judge of the Cookingbites Recipe Challenge I've been trying out some of the dishes submitted in my Test Kitchen! This one is an exploration of the recipe posted by @winterybella: Sautéed Spinach, mushrooms, and caramelized onions from...
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